Unit title


Background notes

What does it mean to belong?



In this unit, pupils will draw on their understanding of belonging, relating it to the way in which children are given a sense of belonging in different religions and cultures. They will look at how children are welcomed into different religious traditions. They will think about how people show that they belong and what is special about belonging.


Link with QCA Units 1A  What does it mean to belong? and 1B What does it mean to belong in Christianity?


Key questions


Learning outcomes

Suggested activities


What groups do we belong to?






To be able to identify groups they belong to, such as family, school, country, friendship, religion


To understand how symbols, like a school or team symbol, can be used to show belonging


To understand ways in which belonging to a religion can be like belonging to a family

·         Class discussion about what 'belonging' means and the different groups they belong to

·         Make a collection of familiar badges, symbols and emblems and play a game matching the symbol to the meaning

·         Draw and make a badge which shows one group that they belong to

·         Make a class display about belonging

·         Listen to someone talking about their religion and explore how it makes them feel part of a family

Collection of familiar badges, symbols and emblems






Visitor/class member

How do people show they belong?







To know that there are many religions represented in the school,  the local community and the world


To be able to identify what things people wear to show they belong to a religion or culture, such as a special necklace or headscarf



·         Hear about some special things families do to show they belong to a religion

·         Talk about how we can tell from the outside that someone belongs to a religion

·         Look at examples of things that religious people wear, such as a topee (Muslim tradition), Star of David (Jewish tradition), crucifix (Christian tradition), romaal (Sikh tradition)

·         Use books and ICT to find pictures that show people from different faiths all over the world

Examples of clothing and ornamentation which show that people belong to particular religious and cultural groups


Books, posters, IT sites showing people from different faith groups

How are babies welcomed into a family?






To know about some of the ways in which people make babies part of their family in different cultures and religions

·         Talk about the ways in which people can welcome new babies into the family eg parties, cards, presents

·         Find out about some ways that babies are welcomed into different religions eg the Muslim, Sikh, Hindu or Jewish tradition

·         Make a greeting card for a new baby and explain what ideas are behind its design

·         Devise and act out a class welcoming ceremony for a new baby, where everyone shares their hopes for its future

New baby greetings cards







Doll (for the class ceremony)

How are Christian children welcomed into their religion?













To understand why some Christians want their babies to be welcomed into the 'Christian family'


To understand why the symbols of the cross and the candle are used in the baptism ceremony

·         Find pictures of baptism using RE books, posters, ICT

·         See a video about baptism eg Beginnings programme in BBC 'Watch' series

·         Identify some of the symbols used in the ceremony

·         Look at a painting of Jesus' baptism and make links between this and Christian baby baptism

·         Role play based on baptism ceremony

'Beginnings' video and resources in BBC Watch series


Scholastic Curriculum Bank RE, Bk 1, pp70-71


See National Gallery website -

www.nationalgallery.org.uk - for

Baptism of Christ by Piero della Francesca (1450)



Glossary of religious and cultural terms used in this planning grid


A word which derives from the Greek word bapto meaning ‘to dip’. It is therefore a technical term used to refer to the ritual involving water which might take place in infancy or later on. Not all Christian groups practise baptism.


A familiar term used by some Christians for infant baptism. Not all Christian groups baptise babies and infants. Some Christian groups, for example, wait until a person is old enough to express their own faith. The ‘believer’s baptism’ practised by many such groups might take the form of baptism by total immersion: that is, the person is totally immersed in water.


Image of Jesus hanging on the cross, often associated with the Roman Catholic tradition of Christianity. A crucifix, for example, can be found as part of the rosary beads that are still used as an aid to prayer and devotion by some Roman Catholics.


The basin on a stand used by some Christian groups for infant baptism. Traditionally, the font was placed near the entrance of the church building as a reminder that what happened at the font was a sign of entry into the Church (the Christian community).


Small piece of material which is used to cover the top-knot of a Sikh boy or adult. Some Sikh boys who wear a romaal when they are young will replace it with a turban when they are older.

Star of David

Though historically a relatively modern symbol, the six-pointed Star of David (more properly, the Shield of David) has become associated with the Jewish tradition. At certain times and places (most recently, in Nazi Germany), some people were required to wear a star on their clothing to show that they were Jewish. The Israeli flag has a Star of David at its centre.


A small cap, often made of white lace-like material, which is worn by Muslim men in some parts of the world. It might be worn all of the time, or only when the person is praying.